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Triton XXIII – Session Four – World Coinage Part II, British Coinage and Medals, and Large Lots

Lot nuber 1143

ITALY, Papale (Stato Pontificio-Senato Romano). Brancaleone degli Andalò. 1252-1255 and 1257-1258. AR Grosso (25mm, 3.27 g, 10h). Rome mint. 1st emission, from 1253.


Triton XXIII – Session Four – World Coinage Part II, British Coinage and Medals, and Large Lots
Lot: 1143.
 Estimated: $ 750

World, Silver

Sold For $ 2 000. This amount does not include the buyer’s fee.

Go to Live

ITALY, Papale (Stato Pontificio-Senato Romano). Brancaleone degli Andalò. 1252-1255 and 1257-1258. AR Grosso (25mm, 3.27 g, 10h). Rome mint. 1st emission, from 1253. + BRAnCALЄ • O • S • P • Q • R, lion standing left on ground line / + ROMA CΛPVT mVnDI, Roma enthroned facing, holding globus and palm. Grierson, Coins of Medieval Europe 246; CNI XV 40; MIR 112/1; Muntoni 3; Berman 96. Iridescent blue toning in devices. Superb EF. Great metal. Very rare.

From the Richard A. Jourdan Collection of Medieval European Coins, purchased from Charles H. Wolfe, III, 1998.

Belonging to a Bolognese noble family and a supporter of the Ghibellines, Brancaleone degli Andalò was proposed for the office of Senator in Rome by the local government of Bologna. During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, Rome was experiencing a rise in prosperity, due, in part, to the pilgrim traffic. At the same time, and like other Italian cities, the city was enjoying an increase in local autonomy. The entrepreneurs and new families were replacing the old aristocracy. Inspired by the influx of new wealth and rebuilding, Rome took on communal status, meaning substantial freedom from papal authority. The new government was based on the ancient Roman Senate; in 1143 Rome became a Republic ruled by a Senate. The city, however, was caught in the middle of the struggles between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Emperor. Because of Rome’s unique position in relation to the Church and the numerous conflicts between the Popes and the local Roman magnates, as well as among the magnates themselves, the city hoped that the election of a foreign Senator would achieve some level of peace. Thus, the election of Brancaleone degli Andalò in 1252. Accepting the position as long as his safety was secure, Brancaleone degli Andalò was to hold the office for three years. After 1255 and, in order to secure his safety and independence, he continued to hold the office of Senator, exercising his post from Bologna. Until his death in 1258, Brancaleone degli Andalò sought to suppress the most powerful nobles, by destroying the strongholds (i.e. towers) of 140 of them. He also sought to balance the aspirations of the working citizenry by reorganizing them and issuing a law code inspired by those of his own region. Furthermore, he was heavily involved in trying to mitigate the problems caused by the struggles between the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor (as well as those foreign rulers who tried to influence either side). Though most of his hard work failed to outlive him. He nevertheless remained a sort of secular saint to the Roman populace, who enshrined his head in a reliquary installed in the Capitol.

The final winners of all Triton XXIII lots will be determined at the live public sale that will be held on 14-15 January 2020. Triton XXIII – Session Four – World Coinage Part II, British Coinage and Medals, and Large Lots will be held Wednesday afternoon, 15 January 2020 beginning at 2:00 PM ET.

Winning bids are subject to a 20% buyer's fee for bids placed on this website and in person at the public auction, 22.50% for all others.