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CNG Feature Auction 115

Lot nuber 171

KINGS of BITHYNIA. Prousias I Cholos. Circa 228-182 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.99 g, 1h). Nikomedeia mint. Struck circa 210/00-182 BC.

CNG Feature Auction 115
Lot: 171.
 Estimated: $ 1 000

Greek, Silver

Sold For $ 1 500. This amount does not include the buyer’s fee.

Go to Live

KINGS of BITHYNIA. Prousias I Cholos. Circa 228-182 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.99 g, 1h). Nikomedeia mint. Struck circa 210/00-182 BC. Diademed head right / Zeus Stephanephoros standing left; to inner left, thunderbolt above two monograms. RG 9b; HGC 7, 614. Toned with some iridescence, deposits. VF.

From the Weise Collection, purchased from Farhan Yaghi, 15 January 2003.

The historical record of Prousias I begins well into his reign, in 220 BC, when he defeated the forces of Byzantion, capturing their territories on the Asian side of the Thracian Bosporos; all the while his enemies, Attalos I of Pergamon and Adaios, the Seleukid general in Thrace, were supporting Prousias’ uncle as an usurper to his kingdom. Subsequently, circa 218 BC, Attalos encouraged the Galatians, who had previously murdered Prousias’ father, Ziaëlas, to invade Bithynia in order to weaken Prousias’ position, but they were decisively defeated. Prousias then allied with Philip V of Macedon during the First Macedonian War (214-205 BC), and attacked the territories of Attalos I, forcing the latter to withdraw his support from the Romans. In the aftermath of that conflict, Philip and Prousias jointly campaigned against Pergamon in the First Cretan War (205-200 BC). During the confilct, the Pergamene-controlled cities of Kios and Myrleia were destroyed, and upon their ruins Prousias founded the cities of Prousias by the Sea and Apameia, respectively. Over the next 12 years, Prousias stayed out of the region’s major conflicts, until a territorial dispute led to renewed conflict between the Attalids and Bithynians (187-183 BC). During this conflict, Prousias gave the famous Carthaginian general, Hannibal, asylum, for which the latter served as a military advisor to the Bithynian king. At the same time, Prousias expanded his kingdom by attacking the territory of Herakleia Pontike, but this venture came to a premature end when Prousias was injured in battle. This injury lead to his epithet, Cholos (“the lame”). In 183 BC, the Attalid king, Eumenes II, decisively defeated the Bithynians, forcing Prousias to give up his territories in Phrygia and turn over Hannibal to the Romans (an event that the Carthaginian escaped by committing suicide). Prousias died the following year.

The final winners of all CNG Feature Auction 115 lots will be determined during the live online sale that will be held on 16-17 September 2020. This lot is in Session 1, which begins 16 September 2020 at 9 AM ET.

Winning bids are subject to a 20% buyer's fee for bids placed on this website and 22.50% for all others.

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