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Triton XXIV

Lot nuber 965

The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 8.22 g, 8h). Uncertain Sicilian mint.

Triton XXIV
Lot: 965.
 Estimated: $ 75 000

Roman Republican, Coin-in-Hand Video, Gold

Sold For $ 175 000. This amount does not include the buyer’s fee.

Go to Live

The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 8.22 g, 8h). Uncertain Sicilian mint. Bare head of Sextus Pompey right; MAG • PIVS • IMP • ITER; all within oak wreath / Bare heads of Pompey the Great right vis-à-vis Cnaeus Pompey Junior left; lituus to left, tripod to right, PRÆF above, [C]LAS • ET • ORÆ/ (MAR)IT • EX • S • C in two lines below. Crawford 511/1; CRI 332; Bahrfeldt 87; Calicó 71a (same obv. die); Biaggi 48 (same rev. die); Sydenham 1346; BMCRR Sicily 13; RBW 1783. Lustrous, some light hairlines. Choice EF. Wonderful portraits. Very rare.

From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 1357.

Sextus Pompey, the younger son of Pompey the Great, inherited his father's vast influence and personal following. He first established himself in Spain in 44 BC as the successful leader of the anti-Caesarian forces and following the death of Caesar, the Senate, believing itself freed from the domination of the Caesarians, bestowed on Sextus the title of praefectus classis et orae maritimae (Commander-in-Chief of the Fleet and of the Sea Coasts). However, four months later the Senate was forced by Octavian and the second triumvirate to rescind this title, and Sextus was proscribed. Upon receiving word of the Senate's abrogation of his commission and seeing the hostilities the Caesarians were exacting on the leading figures in Rome, Sextus set sail from Massilia in Gaul and headed for Sicily. Here he established a powerful base from which he could blockade Italy and provide a safe haven for those fleeing the proscriptions. Alarmed at the developments, Octavian sent a naval squadron under the command of Salvidienus Rufus to handle the situation, but Salvidienus was defeated off the coast of Rhegium. Following this battle, Sextus took the title of imperator iterum. Sextus would continue the republican struggle against the second triumvirate until his death in 36 BC. This remarkable dynastic aureus provides us with the most life-like portraits of Pompey's two sons and records many of the events of 43-42 BC. The oak wreath (corona civica) and the title IMP ITER on the obverse commemorate Sextus' defeat of Salvidienus, while the reverse legend records the title bestowed on him by the Senate in 43 BC. The lituus behind Pompey's head signifies Pompey's membership in the college of augurs, while the tripod behind Cnaeus' head represents his affiliation with the quindecimviri sacris faciundis.

The final winners of all Triton XXIV lots will be determined during the live online sale that will be held on 19-20 January 2021. This lot is in Session Three, which begins 20 January 2021 at 9 AM ET.

Winning bids are subject to a 20% buyer's fee for bids placed on this website and 22.50% for all others.

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