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541048
541048.

PISIDIA, Antiochia. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Æ (35mm, 25.22 g, 6h). Laureate head right / COL CAES ANTIO CH, Caesar Augustus (?), veiled, driving plow pulled by team of oxen right, marking city boundaries. Kryźanowska dies XXXVI/57; SNG BN 1106 (same dies). Green patina, lightly smoothed in fields. VF. Rare.


Ex Gorny & Mosch Auction 134 (11 October 2004), lot 2000.

Antioch in Pisidia is most likely a Seleukid foundation in southern Anatolia and was named after Antiochos I Soter (281-261 BC). The region was acquired by Rome in the later first century BC. In circa 25 BC, a large group of retired legionaries was settled at Antioch and the city was renamed Colonia Caesarea Atiochia. The figure driving the plow on the reverse of this rare issue, marking the new civic boundaries, is likely intended as Augustus, the symbolic founder of the colony, although he is unlikely to have visited the city or performed this function in person.