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5601939
5601939.

Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.34 g, 1h). British Victory issue. Rome mint. Struck AD 210-211. Laureate and bearded head right / VICTO RI AE BRIT, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 231; RSC 632; CRB 69; SCBC 658. Traces of blue and gold iridescent toning. Good VF.


Ex DMS Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 1699 (part of).

Septimius Severus waged his last military campaign against the Caledionians on the northern border of Britain, where he himself died at his campaign headquarters at York in February 211 AD. Among those who accompanied him on the campaign were his wife Julia Domna, and his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta. The campaign was in full swing in 208 AD and continued until 211 AD, being led by Septimius and Caracalla, with the latter taking supreme command after his father had fallen ill. The two often did not agree on matters of strategy, and we are told that at one point Caracalla became so angry that he appeared ready to stab his father in the back before the whole of the army. Upon Severus' death, Caracalla made peace with the Caledonians on less-than-favorable terms which required the Romans retreat to the agreed border of Hadrian’s Wall. Though the campaign had not been a total success, the quarrelling co-emperors Caracalla and Geta made the best possible use of the war in their propaganda, with the British campaign being widely celebrated on coinage