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Research Coins: Electronic Auction

 
3130216
313, Lot: 216. Estimate $200.
Sold for $280. This amount does not include the buyer’s fee.

Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.10 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. Laureate head right / IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and scepter. RIC 53; RSC 119. Near VF, toned, slightly granular surfaces.


The reverse type commemorates the protection of Nero from the Pisonian Conspiracy. Events of the years 64-65 defined the subsequent reputation of Nero as a cruel and self-indulgent ruler. His "excesses" resulted in a conspiracy to overthrow and replace him with Gaius Calpurnius Piso. Among the conspirators were many high-ranking members of Nero's court including Seneca the Younger, the poet Lucan, and Petronius, who called himself Nero's "arbiter of elegance." To Nero, the failure of a conspiracy made up of those so close to him could have been achieved only through divine intervention. As the king of the Gods oversaw the security of the Roman state, Nero believed it was Jupiter the Guardian (Custos) who had saved him from harm.