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Research Coins: The Coin Shop

439941. Sold For $750

Anonymous. 211-210 BC. AR Victoriatus (15.5mm, 3.22 g, 7h). Luceria L-T series. Luceria mint. Laureate head of Jupiter right within border of dots / Victory standing right, placing wreath on trophy; T in field between; rOÂa in exergue. Crawford 98A/1b; Sydenham 137; Kestner 1139-45; BMCRR Italy 178-80; RSC 36g; RBW 429. EF, underlying luster. Only 4 examples in CoinArchives, this one comparable to the best = RBW NAC 61, lot 427, hammer of 700 CHF.

In around 218 BC, at roughly the same time as the appearance of the silver denarius, mints in the Roman Republic began to strike silver coins bearing on the obverse a bust of Jupiter and on the reverse a figure of Victory placing a wreath upon a trophy. Known as a victoriatus in Latin or tropaikon in Greek, this coin was primarily issued to facilitate payments in Greek-speaking southern Italy, where its weight was roughly equivalent to a drachm or half nomos. Rome at this time had a great need for coinage, as the Second Punic War then raged across Italy, and the city needed silver to pay her allies. This function is demonstrated by the hoard evidence, which shows that their circulation was generally limited to southern Italy, and later Cisalpine Gaul and Spain.

The victoriatus was generally struck in less pure silver than the denarius, rarely meeting the same 90% standard, yet it generally followed the same overall pattern of debasements. Despite this, it proved to be an important coin for the budding empire. Though the type was discontinued around 170 BC, the coins themselves continued to circulate, eventually becoming worn enough to function in the marketplace as quinarii. Accordingly, even into the early Imperial period, the silver quinarius was also sometimes refered to as a victoriatus.